Blood pressure guidelines that you should know

Blood pressure basically refers to the force through which your blood flows through your vessels. Testing your blood pressure is the best way to find out whether your blood pressure levels are higher or not. High blood pressure is a disease also known as (hypertension or HDP).

According to a report, about one-third of adults in the US have high blood pressure but most of the people suffering from it are unaware about it. High blood pressure is rightly termed as the “Silent Killer” because usually, it does not show any symptoms but it can lead to serious problems like stroke or heart attack. Therefore, it is vital to keep your blood pressure levels within normal range for which you need to understand the blood pressure guidelines.

Blood Pressure Categories

According to the American Heart Association, there are 5 blood pressure categories. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters (mm) of mercury (Hg). When your heart is contracting and producing maximum arterial pressure then it is top number of blood pressure also known as systolic. Diastolic is the bottom number of blood pressure. Generally, when a person is suffering from hypertension, then in such scenarios your physician would keep a check on systolic number, but in certain cases increased blood pressure can also affect diastolic number.

Normal Category

The normal blood pressure range for an adult should be 120 systolic (the top number) and 80 diastolic (the bottom number). If your reading is abnormal or not in the normal range, then start doing regular exercise and focus on your diet. You need to alter your lifestyle choices to keep your blood pressure in the normal range.

Elevated Category

Your blood pressure would fall under this category if systolic is over 120 and diastolic is less than 80. People with elevated blood pressure have chances that their levels may increase. However, before it gets worse, take care of yourself to control the elevated blood pressure.

Hypertension Stage 1

This is another category of blood pressure. In hypertension stage 1, the range of systolic is 130-139 and diastolic should be 80-89. According to the doctors, in this category people have a risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), heart stroke, and heart attack.

Hypertension Stage 2

The fourth category of blood pressure is known as hypertension stage 2. In this stage, the range of blood pressure systolic is 140 or higher and diastolic 90 or higher. In this stage, you need to consult your doctor to start medication and you may need to improve your lifestyle according to the doctor’s suggestions.

Hypertensive Crisis

In this category, you need to consult a doctor immediately. The range of blood pressure systolic stands somewhere 180 and diastolic higher than 120 is bottom number. It’s a very serious condition and the blood pressure suddenly rises.

You should wait and check again if your blood pressure range is the same and instantly consult your doctor for that. As, hypertensive crisis is very dangerous and it causes weakness, difficulty in speaking, chest pain, organ damage, back pain, chest pain, shortness of breath. You should not wait for the blood pressure to be in normal range just quickly rush to the doctor or call an emergency.

There are some blood pressure guidelines, which might help you to control your blood pressure.

blood pressure
                                                                               source:health.harvard.edu

Exercise Regularly

The regular exercise can help you to lower your blood pressure by about 5 to 8 mm Hg. Follow a routine, which includes daily exercise for at least 30 minutes. Exercise is crucial for the people to have normal blood pressure. If you make exercise part of your lifestyle, then only this is the remedy.

Physical exercises on a regular basis can reduce the level of blood pressure. If you have the normal range of blood pressure, you will be on the safe side.

Do you know which exercises are important to reduce blood pressure?

In blood pressure guidelines, some exercises are mentioned usually that are, jogging, dancing, cycling, walking and swimming. If you are not good at exercise, then go for training sessions or consult your doctor for an exercise program. After exercise, even though your build will be good and once you will get used to it you will definitely enjoy it.

Healthy Diet

Blood pressure patients’ needs to have a healthy diet. They need to be conscious and careful about their diet. The diet should be rich in whole grains, low fat dairy products, fruits and vegetables. The saturated fat and cholesterol should be avoided. According to the blood pressure guidelines, if you follow a healthy diet then your blood pressure will be reduced by 11 mm Hg.

Get Support

In order to improve your health, you definitely need the support of your family and friends.  They will help you out to take care of yourself. If you are not well, they will immediately consult with the doctor. They can even join you in exercise sessions for maintaining your healthy lifestyle.

Quit Smoking

Do you know how smoking is dangerous for those who are suffering from blood pressure? For several minutes when you stop smoking a cigarette your blood pressure rises. Quitting smoking can help you live a better and healthier life. The chances of heart disease will be lower. The one who gives up smoking will live longer than those who do not.

Blood pressure is a very severe health problem. People who follow the blood pressure guidelines and make themselves aware of the solutions might survive. The chances of different diseases like, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), chest pain, shortness of breath and heart stroke is also decreased.

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