Heart failure guidelines: Everything you should know

According to the American Heart Association, over 6.5 million people in the United States are suffering from heart failure (HF). It’s mortality rate is about 50%. Therefore, at an age of 45, white male Americans have a 30 percent chance of developing heart disease whereas white women have a 32% chance. Heart failure is a lifelong disease that could be caused either by functional or structural variations in the heart related to blood flow within the body.

Moreover, heart disease in ethnic and racial groups of women and men are the most common cause of death. Because of cardiovascular disease, within 36 seconds one person dies in the world. Every year, approximately 655,000 Americans die from heart diseases. Someone in the U.S in every 40 seconds suffer from a heart attack. Around 805,000 people each year have a heart attack.  Identifying the causes of heart problems can help you to take preventative measures and decrease the chances of heart attack and other heart related problems significantly.

What are the causes of Heart Disease?

Development of Plaque

Plaque is a waxy substance composed of unsaturated fats, minerals, and cholesterol. Plaque builds up in the blood vessels and arteries, which hinders blood flow to the heart. This stops the heart from receiving necessary nutrients and oxygen. If the inner layer of an artery is severely damaged by hypertension, triglyceride levels, cholesterol levels and smoking tobacco, the plaque collects in it over time.

Indication of Heart Failure

Due to plaque, the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently and cannot satisfy the body’s requirements. Shortness of breath and exhaustion are two indications of heart failure.

The signs are usually ignored or sometimes confused with other problems, which is why it is vital to consult a doctor.

Heart Disease Risk Factors

A combination of risk factors needs to be considered in determining that you are not really at risk of a heart attack. You also had no control regarding two of such factors: genetic inheritance and age.

  • Genetic Inheritance and Age

Men are more prone to developing heart related diseases after celebrating their 45th birthday whereas women can enjoy a decade more before facing the risk of heart attacks and heart related problems. Moreover, if heart diseases are common in your family, then regardless of your age you should monitor your symptoms regularly and visit a doctor every six months.

Several other heart disease risk usually involves: high cholesterol and blood pressure, smoking, obesity, clinical depression, being physically inactive, family history of heart disease, insulin resistance or diabetes, and eating an unhealthy diet.

  • Unhealthy Lifestyle Choices

Since Biological variants play a part in the development of heart disease, inauspicious lifestyle choices also play a significant role. The below are some risky lifestyle activities that can cause heart attack: Not controlling your diabetes, surrounded by a high-stress environment, not enough physical exercise, excessive drinking, not controlling your stress level, and smoking.

Now that you know about the causes of heart disease and heart failure, you can to some extent live a healthy life with a healthy heart. 

Healthy Diet for Heart Patients

Following a heart condition, the main focus is now on avoiding the other heart attack or related conditions such as stroke. The way your body works especially, your heart, can be controlled by what you eat and what is your daily diet. If you are conscious about dietary patterns, it will prevent you from getting a second heart attack.

Heart Friendly Foods to Eat

A healthy diet for heart patients includes the following foods:

Lean meats, fish, dairy products with low fats, skinless poultry, whole grains, eggs (per week six), legumes, nuts and beans and olive oil (plant based oil).

Above food has empty calories and they have low saturated fats. At any meal ensure that your dish is half filled and includes a range of vegetables. Frozen and canned fruit and vegetables could be substituted for fresh variants as well as they are sugar and salt free.

Fish is among the healthiest meals you can eat, but you must choose the right quality. The best fish is oily fish which is rich in omega -3. It helps to lower cholesterol and enhance vascular health. Eating a fish twice a week should be your goal. Here are some examples: sardines, herring, salmon, mackerel and trout.

Whenever it relates to beverages, water is your best option. If you don’t like the regular water try putting lemon slices, berry or cucumber in your water for such a fruity flavor enhancement.

heart failure

Heart Failure Guidelines

There are different heart failure guidelines by which many cases of heart disease can be prevented. Maintaining a heart–healthy life is valuable to everybody, although it’s extremely crucial for those who are at higher risk of heart attack.

The following heart failure guidelines will help to prevent heart disease:

Maintain a healthy diet: Make your plate colorful with green and fiber rich vegetables and different fruits as well.

Take the doctor’s recommended supplements: You cannot take medications on the friendly recommendations. Consult your doctor for the supplements.

Reduce stress: Take some time to relax from your busy schedule. Beautiful imagination, deep breathing can help you to reduce stress.

Annual medical tests: Identify abnormalities and evaluate risk factors of any problem like heart, brain, kidney etc. to make yourself satisfied. Also visit your physician to get annual medical checkups.

Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can reduce the risk of heart attack. You will be physically active, your weight will be better and even your blood pressure will be in control.

Sign and Symptoms of a stroke: The symptoms for a heart stroke includes the numbness of one side of the body’s arm, face and leg. If you face any problem while talking, then it is also a stroke sign.

These are some of the best treatments to avoid a heart attack, stroke, and heart disease. To maintain your healthier lifestyle, no matter if you are in the 20s or your 60s, you should follow all the heart failure guidelines. The following treatments are available for various types of heart diseases: heart, surgery, angioplasty, bypass and heart transplant.

Devices for Heart Disease

Many patients suffering from heart failures would have to get a small device implanted in their chest to help them in controlling their heartbeat. The following devices are most widely used.

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) devices, CRT-D’s, Pacemakers, and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs).


Treatments seem to be the most effective procedure for heart failure problems, but surgery can be useful in some severe cases. The following operation will help to recover from heart failure:

Coronary angioplasty or bypass, heart transplant, heart valve surgery, and other such treatments are recommended based on your condition.

  • Angioplasty and Bypass

Your doctor can suggest the best surgery if your heart failure is caused by coronary heart disease.

  • Coronary Angioplasty

A blocked or a narrowed artery is stretched by a balloon that is known as angioplasty.

  • Coronary Artery Bypass graft (CABG):

When blood circulation is low due to any blocked sections of an artery, then in such situations Coronary Artery Bypass graft (CABG) treatment will assist the heart in ensuring adequate blood flow.

  • Heart Transplant

If you have serious heart failure that cannot be managed successfully with medicines and even other methods, you will need to have a heart transplant. Whereas, a heart transplant can be considered as the last resort to a serious problem, it may not be appropriate for those with extreme heart failure. There is indeed a scarcity of heart donors, however, patients must wait for a long time for a suitable donor heart to become accessible.