Behavioral healthcare is a broader term taking into account psychological sickness as well as material mistreatment disorder. Psychological sickness is caused due to alteration in moods/behavior, disturbances in thinking etc. On the other hand, material mistreatment disorder is referred to as the inept usage of alcohol, prescribed medications or prohibited drugs. According to a survey, people who developed psychological sickness found to be involved in material mistreatment disorder also. For this reason, healthcare industry uses a single term’ behavioral health care’ while treating psychological and material mistreatment disorders. It takes more time to treat behavioral health problems in comparison to the treatment physical health conditions. The reason behind this fact is that people with behavioral health disorders suffer from dual problems that are psychological sickness as well as material mistreatment disorder. In spite of a lot of progress made in the healthcare industry, still, there are existing barriers to the delivery of optimal healthcare. In the current era, there occurred a transformation from organizational situation to an advanced setting based on community. The deinstitutionalization caused transformation from extended hospitalization to outpatient care. However, some patients might require extended inpatient care. Anyhow, the current system does not support it incomplete. There is a need for further treatment alternatives. Despite much focus towards the provision of behavioral healthcare services, still, there are obstacles to proper care delivery.
The Affordable Care Act
Healthy living is inclusive of both physical as well as psychological fitness. Therefore, the Affordable Care Act has included mental health services according to which all health plans are asked to include these services within their offering.
Rising Number of Behavioral Disorders
The number of people in need of behavioral healthcare is increasing day by day. According to a survey, the number of psychologically sick people is increasing and the diseases include depression, stress, sense of worthlessness, sadness and more. With the passage of time, the cost of behavioral healthcare services is also increasing because of which several people with behavioral disorders remained unable to access the treatment. In addition, some people with behavioral disorders found to have delayed treatments due to rise in the cost of the behavioral healthcare services. The situation is more worsening because of inadequate resources to handle the increased demand.
Disorganization of the Healthcare Setting
A major trouble lies in the entire healthcare system which is its ill-ordered organization. The health system has funded for behavioral health services individually and at a reduced cost, which supports the physicians to bring physical and behavioral health together. Many behavioral disorder sufferers want to get treatment through primary health care. They do not go to the referred specialist because of the insufficient referral procedures and the stigma linked with behavioral health disorders. For this reason, the integration of behavioral and physical health services asks for a cultural transformation than only setting up a counselor within a medical setup.
The Integration of Behavioral Healthcare and Physical Health
Within the past few years, numerous healthcare units were found to be involved in the integration of behavioral and physical health services. They have used different approaches as per the adjustability of and requirement of their setting. Some strategies necessitate behavioral healthcare services to remain in the same place as medical services. While the other approach mandates the collaborative functioning of physical and behavioral health providers regardless of their presence in similar or dissimilar premises. In another approach, there is the integration of psychological health in collaboration with the primary care provider at each spot of the process of care delivery to the patient. Rendering to these approaches, we will definitely witness augmented behavioral healthcare approaches in the coming years.