What Is Cataract And What Are The Surgical Methods For Its Cure

For all those who don’t know, cataract is a clouding of the clear lens of the eye. Victims of cataract are unable to see properly. Looking through a frosty window is the best description of the disease. Since it results in a clouded vision, this means you are most likely to have trouble reading, driving, and other routine activities. The development of cataract is a slow process. It initially does no harm, but with time, it begins to interfere with your vision. For a short while, wearing glasses can help deal with this problem, but if it worsens, surgery is the only option left.

Symptoms of Cataract

Some of the common symptoms of cataract are:

  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • A need for bright light while reading
  • Encountering double vision in a single eye
  • Sensitivity to light

As talked about earlier, cataract may initially damage only a small part of the lens, but if it grows, it can make it difficult for the eye to bear the light.


It is mostly caused when the tissues age or are injured. Other causes may include genetic disorders and health problems. Other eye conditions such as diabetes, previous surgeries or medical conditions may also contribute to cataract development. Steroid medication and its prolonged use may also result in the formation of cataract. These are just the common causes that may result in the formation of cataract.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase the risk of cataract include:

  • Old age
  • Diabetes
  • Exposure to sunlight
  • Smoking
  • Blood pressure
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol

How to Deal with Cataract?

If you are diagnosed with cataract, the doctor will recommend cataract surgery as it is the most effective solution for this issue.

What Is Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery can be best defined as a procedure where the lens of the eye is replaced with an artificial one. Naturally, your lenses are clear, but cataract may result in the lens becoming blurry and clouded. This can be corrected by the artificial lens. The surgery normally doesn’t require patients to stay overnight and is done on an outpatient basis.

Surgical Methods to Cure Cataract

There are various surgical methods that can be used to deal with cataract. The traditional method includes using ultrasound energy that will help remove the cloudy lens. Modern cataract procedures involve ultrasound devices that can break up the cloudy lens and remove it with eye suction. Besides this, there is another technique which involves laser-assisted technology. Laser surgery has just recently been introduced and is very costly as compared to the traditional surgery methods. Doctors have described cataract surgery as being safe and effective.

The Aftereffects of Cataract Surgery

Within a few days after the surgery, you will notice an improvement in your vision. You will notice that colors appear brighter, but itching and discomfort will be experienced during the process. It is recommended that cataract be treated on time. If you come across the above symptoms, book an appointment with a doctor immediately to treat the condition before it worsens.